Turn signal use among car drivers and motorcyclists at intersections: a case study of Da Nang, Vietnam

Accid Anal Prev. 2019 Jul;128:25-31. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2019.03.012. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Abstract

Turn signal neglect is a major cause of traffic crashes, particularly rear-end collisions. However, little research has investigated the use of turn signals among motorists, particularly in developing countries with high levels of motorcycle use. This research aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with turn signal use at intersections among car drivers and motorcyclists in Da Nang, Vietnam. Cross-sectional roadside observations were undertaken at 24 sites across Da Nang City during weekday and weekend periods. A total of 17,142 vehicles were observed, including 2392 cars and 14,750 motorcycles. Turn signal use among car drivers (68.27%) was found to be significantly higher than motorcyclists (40.13%). Binary logistic regression modelling showed that turn signal neglect at intersections was associated with making a right turn, not carrying passengers, travelling outside of the city centre, travelling on weekdays, and the absence of separate car lanes, pedestrian crossings and traffic lights. Despite national legislation regulating turn signal use in Vietnam, the use of turn signals is relatively low compared with developed countries. The findings highlight the need for both greater and more targeted enforcement of existing legislation combined with extensive road safety education.

Keywords: Car driver; Intersection; Motorcycle; Traffic safety; Turn signal use; Vietnam.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control
  • Adult
  • Automobile Driving / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Automobile Driving / statistics & numerical data*
  • Automobiles / statistics & numerical data*
  • Built Environment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Developing Countries
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motorcycles / statistics & numerical data*
  • Vietnam
  • Young Adult