Development of rapid, sensitive and selective fluorimetric method for determination of 1-naphthalene acetic acid in cucumber by using magnetite-molecularly imprinted polymer

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2019 Jul 5:218:62-68. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2019.03.061. Epub 2019 Mar 19.


In this study, a novel method based on the determination of 1-naphthalene acetic acid with the usage of magnetite-molecularly imprinted polymer prior to fluorimetric detection has been developed. Magnetite-molecularly imprinted polymer has been used for the first time as selective adsorbent for the determination of 1-naphthalene acetic acid. The adsorption capacity of the synthesized polymer was found to be 2.18 ± 0.36 mg g-1 (n = 3). Limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) of the method were found to be 0.75 and 2.50 μg L-1, respectively. Linearity of the calibration graph for the proposed method was observed within the range of 20-700 μg L-1. The proposed method seems to be rapid where the detection procedure for 1-naphthalene acetic acid can be completed within a total time of 1 h. The same imprinted polymer can be used for the determination of 1-naphthalene acetic acid with quantitative sorption and recovery values repeatedly for at least ten times. The effects of some potential organic interferences were investigated. Proposed method has been successfully applied to determine 1-naphthalene acetic acid in cucumber, where the recoveries of the spiked samples were found to be in the range of 93.7-104.5%. Characterization of the synthesized polymer was also evaluated. By combining the high capacity, cheapness, reusability and selectivity of the magnetic adsorbent with the dynamic calibration range, rapidity, simplicity, and sensitivity of fluorimetry, the proposed method seems to be an ideal method for the determination of trace levels of 1-naphthalene acetic acid.

Keywords: 1-naphthalene acetic acid; Fluorimetric determination; Molecularly imprinted polymer; Plant growth regulator.

MeSH terms

  • Adsorption
  • Cucumis sativus / chemistry*
  • Fluorometry* / economics
  • Fluorometry* / methods
  • Magnets / chemistry*
  • Molecular Imprinting* / economics
  • Molecular Imprinting* / methods
  • Naphthaleneacetic Acids / analysis*
  • Naphthaleneacetic Acids / isolation & purification
  • Plant Growth Regulators / analysis*
  • Plant Growth Regulators / isolation & purification
  • Polymers / chemistry*
  • Solid Phase Extraction / economics
  • Solid Phase Extraction / methods
  • Time Factors


  • Naphthaleneacetic Acids
  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • Polymers
  • 1-naphthaleneacetic acid