Online multifactorial prevention programme has no effect on the number of running-related injuries: a randomised controlled trial

Br J Sports Med. 2019 Dec;53(23):1479-1485. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099744. Epub 2019 Apr 6.

Abstract

Objective: To examine the effect of a multifactorial, online injury prevention programme on the number of running-related injuries (RRIs) in recreational runners.

Methods: Adult recreational runners who registered for a running event (distances 5 km up to 42.195 km) were randomised into the intervention group or control group. Participants in the intervention group were given access to the online injury prevention programme, which consisted of information on evidence-based risk factors and advices to reduce the injury risk. Participants in the control group followed their regular preparation for the running event. The primary outcome measure was the number of self-reported RRIs in the time frame between registration for a running event and 1 month after the running event.

Results: This trial included 2378 recreational runners (1252 men; mean [SD] age 41.2 [11.9] years), of which 1196 were allocated to the intervention group and 1182 to the control group. Of the participants in the intervention group 37.5% (95% CI 34.8 to 40.4) sustained a new RRI during follow-up, compared with 36.7% (95% CI 34.0 to 39.6) in the control group. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed no significant difference between the intervention and control group (OR 1.08; 95% CI 0.90 to 1.30). Furthermore, the prevention programme seemed to have a negative impact on the occurrence of new RRIs in the subgroup of runners with no injuries in the 12 months preceding the trial (OR 1.30; 95% CI 0.99 to 1.70).

Conclusion: A multifactorial, online injury prevention programme did not decrease the total number of RRIs in recreational runners.

Trial registration number: NTR5998.

Keywords: Running; injury prevention; prevention.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Program Evaluation
  • Risk Factors
  • Running / injuries*
  • Self Report
  • Surveys and Questionnaires