Influence of the PLGA/gelatin ratio on the physical, chemical and biological properties of electrospun scaffolds for wound dressings

Biomed Mater. 2019 May 3;14(4):045006. doi: 10.1088/1748-605X/ab1741.

Abstract

Chronic wounds are a global health problem, and their treatments are difficult and long lasting. The development of medical devices through tissue engineering has been conducted to heal this type of wound. In this study, it was demonstrated that the combination of natural and synthetic polymers, such as poly (D-L lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and gelatin (Ge), were useful for constructing scaffolds for wound healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different PLGA/gelatin ratios (9:1, 7:3 and 5:5 (v/v)) on the physical, chemical and biological properties of electrospun scaffolds for wound dressings. These PLGA/Ge scaffolds had randomly oriented fibers with smooth surfaces and exhibited distances between fibers of less than 10 μm. The 7:3 and 5:5 PLGA/Ge scaffolds showed higher swelling, hydrophilicity and degradation rates than pure PLGA and 9:1 (v/v) PLGA/Ge scaffolds. Young's moduli of the scaffolds were 72 ± 10, 48 ± 6, 58 ± 6 and 6 ± 1 MPa for the pure PLGA scaffold and the 9:1, 7:3 and 5:5 (v/v) PLGA/Ge scaffolds, respectively. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded on all the PLGA/Ge scaffolds were viable, and the cells were attached to the fibers at the different analyzed timepoints. The most significant proliferation rate was observed for cells on the 7:3 PLGA/Ge scaffolds. Biocompatibility analysis showed that all the scaffolds produced inflammation at the first week postimplantation; however, the 7:3 and 5:5 (v/v) PLGA/Ge scaffolds were degraded completely, and there was no inflammatory reaction observed at the fourth week after implantation. In contrast, the 9:1 PLGA/Ge scaffolds persisted in the tissue for more than four weeks; however, at the eighth week, no traces of the scaffolds were found. In conclusion, the scaffolds with the 7:3 PLGA/Ge ratio showed suitable physical, chemical and biological properties for applications in chronic wound treatments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bandages*
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Elasticity
  • Gelatin
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Male
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology
  • Phenotype
  • Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer / chemistry*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Thermogravimetry
  • Tissue Engineering / methods*
  • Tissue Scaffolds / chemistry*
  • Wettability
  • Wound Healing

Substances

  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Polylactic Acid-Polyglycolic Acid Copolymer
  • Gelatin