Interaction of Surface Energy Components Between Solid and Liquid on Wettability, and Its Application to Textile Anti-Wetting Finish

Polymers (Basel). 2019 Mar 14;11(3):498. doi: 10.3390/polym11030498.

Abstract

With various options of anti-wetting finish methods, this study intends to provide basic information that can be applied in selecting a relevant anti-wetting chemical to grant protection from spreading of liquids with different surface energy profiles. With such an aim, the anti-wetting effectiveness of fluorinated coating and silane coating was investigated for liquids having different surface energy components, water (WA), methylene iodide (MI) and formamide (FA). The wetting thermodynamics was experimentally investigated by analyzing dispersive and polar component surface energies of solids and liquids. The role of surface roughness in wettability was examined for fibrous nonwoven substrates that have varied surface roughness. The presence of roughness enhanced the anti-wetting performance of the anti-wetting treated surfaces. While the effectiveness of different anti-wetting treatments was varied depending on the liquid polarities, the distinction of different treatments was less apparent for the roughened fibrous surfaces than the film surfaces. This study provides experimental validation of wetting thermodynamics and the practical interpretation of anti-wetting finishing.

Keywords: anti-wetting; contact angle; dispersive; etching; nonwoven; polar; roughness; surface energy; thermodynamics.