Angiotensin receptor blocker-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNi) therapy improves the prognosis of heart failure patients. However, the mechanisms remain unclear. This study investigated the biological effects of ARNi with neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril and angiotensin receptor blocker valsartan on myocardial remodeling and cardiac perfusion in experimental heart failure (HF) after myocardial infarction (MI). Male Lewis rats (10-weeks old) with confirmed HF were randomized one-week post-MI to treatment with vehicle (water), sacubitril/valsartan or valsartan, as comparator group, for either 1 or 5 weeks. Sacubitril/valsartan for 1-week limited LV contractile dysfunction vs. vehicle and both sacubitril/valsartan and valsartan attenuated progressive LV dilation after 1 and 5 weeks treatment. After 5 weeks, both sacubitril/valsartan and valsartan reduced CTGF expression in the remote myocardium, although only sacubitril/valsartan prevented interstitial fibrosis. In the border zone, sacubitril/valsartan and valsartan reduced hypertrophic markers, but only sacubitril/valsartan reduced cardiomyocyte size and increased VEGFA expression. In the infarct, sacubitril/valsartan induced an early uptake of 99mTc-NC100692 (a radiotracer of angiogenesis) and improved perfusion, as determined by 201Tl microSPECT/CT imaging. In conclusion, ARNi improved global LV function, limited remodeling in the remote and border zones, and increased perfusion to the infarct. Sacubitril/valsartan had more consistent effects than valsartan on LV remodeling in experimental HF.