Aims: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery may experience neurological impairment. We examined whether intraoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) and neurological dysfunction prior to surgery, measured by robotic technology, are important predictors of post-operative performance following CABG surgery.
Methods: Adult patients undergoing CABG surgery were recruited for this single-center prospective observational study. Intraoperative rSO2 was captured using the FORESIGHT cerebral oximeter. Neurological assessment was performed pre-operatively and 3 months following surgery using robotic technology and a standardized pen-and-paper assessment. Linear regression models were generated to determine the predictive ability of both intraoperative rSO2 and pre-operative performance on post-operative neurological outcome.
Results: Forty patients had complete data available for analysis. Quantified pre-operative performance accounted for a significantly larger amount of variance in post-operative outcome compared to intraoperative rSO2. In particular, pre-operative scoring on a cognitive visuospatial task accounted for 82.2% of variance in post-operative performance (b = 0.937, t(37) = 12.98, p = 1.28e-5).
Discussion: Our results suggest that pre-operative performance is a stronger indicator of post-operative neurological outcome than intraoperative rSO2, and should be included as an important variable when elucidating the relationship between cerebral oxygen levels and post-operative neurological impairment. Rigorous neurological assessment prior to surgery can provide valuable information about each individual patient's path to recovery.
Conclusion: Using robotic technology, quantified neurological impairment prior to CABG surgery may better predict post-operative neurological outcomes, compared to intraoperative rSO2 values.
Keywords: Cerebral oximetry; Coronary artery bypass surgery; Neurological assessment; Post-operative cognitive dysfunction; Robotic technology.