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Review
. 2019 Jun;43(6):1046-1062.
doi: 10.1111/acer.14040. Epub 2019 May 2.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Neurobehavioral Deficits Associated With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

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Review

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Review of the Neurobehavioral Deficits Associated With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

Sarah N Mattson et al. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

In utero alcohol exposure can disrupt the development of the fetal brain and result in a wide range of neurobehavioral outcomes collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). This paper provides a comprehensive review of the cognitive and behavioral outcomes of prenatal alcohol exposure, including domains of general intelligence, executive functioning, language development, learning and memory, adaptive functioning, academic performance, and concurrent psychopathology. In addition, the current status of the neurobehavioral profile of FASD and its potential as a diagnostic tool will be discussed.

Keywords: Behavior; Brain; Cognition; Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders; Fetal Alcohol Syndrome; Neurobehavioral Profile.

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