Molar Incisor Hypomineralization in Colombia: Prevalence, Severity and Associated Risk Factors

J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2019;43(3):185-189. doi: 10.17796/1053-4625-43.3.7. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Abstract

Aim: To determine prevalence, severity, and risk factors associated with Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) in schoolchildren between 6 and 15 years of age in Medellin, Colombia. Study design: We conducted a retrospective observational study including 1.075 children born and residing in Medellin, Colombia. A structured questionnaire addressing gestational period and first three years of child's life was administered to biological mothers. Two calibrated examiners established MIH diagnosis following the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry criteria. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis, and linear regression with a 5% significance. Results: Study population was predominantly male (70.7%), average age was 9.3±1.9 years. Prevalence of MIH was 11,2%. The majority of defects (85%) were mild. MIH was associated with alterations during last gestational trimester, type of childbirth and respiratory problems. Conclusion. MIH prevalence in schoolchildren between 6 and 15 years of age was 11.2%, being mild defects more frequently found. MIH was associated with different factors during pregnancy and the first three years of life.

Keywords: Children; Colombia; MIH.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Colombia
  • Dental Enamel Hypoplasia* / complications
  • Dental Enamel Hypoplasia* / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incisor
  • Male
  • Molar
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications* / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases* / complications
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors