iFISH is a publically available resource enabling versatile DNA FISH to study genome architecture

Nat Commun. 2019 Apr 9;10(1):1636. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09616-w.


DNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (DNA FISH) is a powerful method to study chromosomal organization in single cells. At present, there is a lack of free resources of DNA FISH probes and probe design tools which can be readily applied. Here, we describe iFISH, an open-source repository currently comprising 380 DNA FISH probes targeting multiple loci on the human autosomes and chromosome X, as well as a genome-wide database of optimally designed oligonucleotides and a freely accessible web interface ( http://ifish4u.org ) that can be used to design DNA FISH probes. We individually validate 153 probes and take advantage of our probe repository to quantify the extent of intermingling between multiple heterologous chromosome pairs, showing a much higher extent of intermingling in human embryonic stem cells compared to fibroblasts. In conclusion, iFISH is a versatile and expandable resource, which can greatly facilitate the use of DNA FISH in research and diagnostics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • A549 Cells
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods
  • Chromosomes, Human / genetics
  • DNA Probes / genetics*
  • Databases, Nucleic Acid*
  • Fibroblasts
  • Genome, Human / genetics*
  • Human Embryonic Stem Cells
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods*
  • Oligonucleotides / genetics
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Research Design


  • DNA Probes
  • Oligonucleotides