Detection of Regional Mechanical Activation of the Left Ventricular Myocardium Using High Frame Rate Ultrasound Imaging

IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2019 Nov;38(11):2665-2675. doi: 10.1109/TMI.2019.2909358. Epub 2019 Apr 9.


We have investigated the feasibility of noninvasive mapping of mechanical activation patterns in the left ventricular (LV) myocardium using high frame rate ultrasound imaging for the purpose of detecting conduction abnormalities. Five anesthetized, open-chest dogs with implanted combined sonomicrometry and electromyography (EMG) crystals were studied. The animals were paced from the specified locations of the heart, while crystal and ultrasound data were acquired. Isochrone maps of the mechanical activation patterns were generated from the ultrasound data using a novel signal processing method called clutter filter wave imaging (CFWI). The isochrone maps showed the same mechanical activation pattern as the sonomicrometry crystals in 90% of the cases. For electrical activation, the activation sequences from ultrasound were the same in 92% of the cases. The coefficient of determination between the activation delay measured with EMG and ultrasound was R 2 = 0.79 , indicating a strong correlation. These results indicate that high frame rate ultrasound imaging processed with CFWI has the potential to be a valuable tool for mechanical activation detection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Echocardiography / methods*
  • Electromyography / methods
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging*
  • Male
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Ventricular Function / physiology*