Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy and Neonatal Anthropometric Parameters

Nutrients. 2019 Apr 9;11(4):806. doi: 10.3390/nu11040806.


Caffeine is a psychoactive substance that may affect the normal course of pregnancy, therefore its intake during that time should not exceed 200 mg/day. The aim of this study was to evaluate caffeine intake among pregnant women from the Warsaw region. The study was conducted among 100 pregnant women who delivered at the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, Medical University of Warsaw. Caffeine intake from coffee, tea, and energy drinks was measured using a questionnaire. Direct interviewing was used, with all interviews conducted by the same dietitian. Multiple regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between caffeine intake and anthropometric measurements of the newborns. Mean caffeine intake among pregnant women was 68 ± 51 mg/day. Only 2% of the respondents exceeded the safe dose of 200 mg. Tea (mostly black) was the source of 63% of all caffeine. No relationships were found between caffeine intake and neonatal weight, length, or head and chest circumference (p > 0.05). Caffeine intake in our study population was relatively low and did not negatively affect fetal growth.

Keywords: caffeine; coffee; energy drinks; newborn; pregnancy; tea.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anthropometry
  • Beverages / adverse effects
  • Beverages / analysis*
  • Caffeine / adverse effects
  • Caffeine / analysis*
  • Coffee / chemistry
  • Energy Drinks / analysis
  • Female
  • Fetal Development / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Pregnancy
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tea / chemistry


  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Caffeine