Healthy nutrition is essential for prevention of disease and for maintenance or promotion of health; although healthy nutrition remains to be precisely defined. Over the past several decades, various types of nutrients have been functionally validated and considered as critical components of healthy nutrition, which commonly include fiber-enriched carbohydrates, mono- or poly-unsaturated fatty acids, essential amino acids, and certain micronutrients. When managing obesity and obesity-associated metabolic diseases, much attention has been paid to the content of nutrients that is considered as healthy nutrition. Accumulating evidence also suggests that nutrient composition could be more important than the content of individual nutrients in the context of reducing body weight and obesity-associated risk for metabolic diseases. Consistently, it would be more important to focus on diet with differences in nutrient ratios rather than individual type(s) of nutrients in terms of managing obesity and metabolic diseases. In this review, recent advances in dietary management of obesity and obesity-related metabolic diseases have been discussed. This review also has highlighted several specific diet compositions and their differences in managing hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Keywords: Diet Composition; Dietary Interventions; Hypertension; Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Obesity; Type 2 Diabetes.
Conflict of interest statement
DECLARATION OF CONFLICTING INTEREST The authors have no conflicts of interest (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript.
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