Purpose: Care in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) involves many clinical activities. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of a novel observation method, the reliability of data abstraction, and to report the initial findings from application of this approach.
Materials and methods: Bedside activities of patients and clinical staff were recorded by direct observational study using video recording and audio annotation. Data were abstracted into 9 broad clinical activities and 12 specific drug-fluid activities. Enrolment rates, agreement between abstractors, clinical activity durations and interruptions are reported.
Results: We enrolled 42 healthcare professionals, 12 family members of 13 patients, and recorded 12 patients (consent rates of 70%-92%). There were 884 clinical activity episodes. Each hour was comprised of a median (IQR) of 11.9 (4.8-16.5) minutes of drug and fluid related tasks. The 682 drug and fluid related activities were mainly preparation and administration. Interruptions occurred on average 7 times per hour. Data abstraction for 8 h had intra-class correlation co-efficient (95% CI) of 0.91 (079-0.96).
Conclusions: Real-time recording of clinical tasks in the PICU using a direct observation model combined with video recording is feasible. Preliminary results suggest abundant and diverse activity is routine.
Keywords: Medication safety; Task analysis; Workload.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.