Computational Neuroscience: Mathematical and Statistical Perspectives

Annu Rev Stat Appl. 2018 Mar:5:183-214. doi: 10.1146/annurev-statistics-041715-033733. Epub 2017 Dec 8.


Mathematical and statistical models have played important roles in neuroscience, especially by describing the electrical activity of neurons recorded individually, or collectively across large networks. As the field moves forward rapidly, new challenges are emerging. For maximal effectiveness, those working to advance computational neuroscience will need to appreciate and exploit the complementary strengths of mechanistic theory and the statistical paradigm.

Keywords: Neural data analysis; neural modeling; neural networks; theoretical neuroscience.