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. 2019 Sep;269(6):689-699.
doi: 10.1007/s00406-019-01010-3. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

STX1A Gene Variations Contribute to the Susceptibility of Children Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case-Control Association Study

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STX1A Gene Variations Contribute to the Susceptibility of Children Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Case-Control Association Study

Min Wang et al. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. .

Abstract

It was presumed syntaxin-1A (STX1A) might relate to the pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but the results were inconsistent. The present study aims to confirm whether the STX1A gene is involved in the susceptibility of children ADHD. We genotyped three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of STX1A gene using Sequenom MassARRAY technology. A case-control study was performed among Chinese Han population including 754 cases and 772 controls from two different provinces. The Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire and Integrated Visual and Auditory Continuous Performance Test were used to assess ADHD clinical symptoms. We found for the first time that rs3793243 GG genotype carriers had a lower risk of ADHD compared with AA genotype (OR 0.564, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.406-0.692, P = 0.001), and rs875342 was also associated with children ADHD (OR 1.806, 95% CI 1.349-2.591, P = 0.001). In addition, the two positive SNPs were also significantly associated with the clinical characteristics of ADHD. Expression quantitative trait loci analysis indicated that rs3793243 might mediate STX1A gene expression. Using a case-control study to explore the association between STX1A gene and children ADHD in Chinese Han population, our results suggest STX1A genetic variants might contribute to the susceptibility of children ADHD.

Keywords: Association study; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; Genetic susceptibility; STX1A gene.

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