Lactose derivatives as potential inhibitors of pectin methylesterases

Int J Biol Macromol. 2019 Jul 1;132:1140-1146. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.04.049. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Abstract

The discovery of molecules that can inhibit the action of phytopathogens is essential to find alternative to current pesticides. Pectin methylesterases (PME), enzymes that fine-tune the degree of methylesterification of plant cell wall pectins, play a key role in the pathogenicity of fungi or bacteria. Here we report the synthesis of new lactoside derivatives and their analysis as potential PME inhibitors using three plants and one fungal PME. Because of its structure, abundance and reduced cost, lactose was chosen as a case study. Lactoside derivatives were obtained by TEMPO-mediated oxidation of methyl lactoside, followed by an esterification procedure. Three derivatives were synthesized: sodium (methyl-lactosid)uronate, methyl (methyl-lactosid)uronate and butyl (methyl-lactosid)uronate. The inhibition of the plant and pathogen enzyme activities by lactoside derivatives was measured in vitro, showing the importance of the substitution on lactose: methyl (methyl-lactosid)uronate was more efficient than butyl (methyl-lactosid)uronate. These results were confirmed by docking analysis showing the difference in the interaction between lactoside derivatives and PME proteins. In conclusion, this study identified novel inhibitors of pectin remodeling enzymes.

Keywords: Chemical inhibitors; Docking analysis; Lactoside derivatives; Pectin methylesterase.

MeSH terms

  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Citrus sinensis / enzymology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemical synthesis
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Lactose / chemical synthesis
  • Lactose / chemistry*
  • Lactose / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases
  • pectinesterase
  • Lactose