Metabolic and skeletal homeostasis are maintained in full locus GPRC6A knockout mice

Sci Rep. 2019 Apr 12;9(1):5995. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-41921-8.


The G protein-coupled receptor class C, group 6, subtype A (GPRC6A) is suggested to have a physiological function in glucose and bone metabolism, although the precise role lacks consensus due to varying findings in different knockout (KO) mouse models and inconsistent findings on the role of osteocalcin, a proposed GPRC6A agonist. We have further characterized a full locus GPRC6A KO model with respect to energy metabolism, including a long-term high-dose glucocorticoid metabolic challenge. Additionally, we analyzed the microarchitecture of tibiae from young, middle-aged and aged GPRC6A KO mice and wildtype (WT) littermates. Compared to WT, vehicle-treated KO mice presented with normal body composition, unaltered insulin sensitivity and basal serum insulin and glucose levels. Corticosterone (CS) treatment resulted in insulin resistance, abnormal fat accrual, loss of lean mass and suppression of serum osteocalcin levels in both genotypes. Interestingly, serum osteocalcin and skeletal osteocalcin mRNA levels were significantly lower in vehicle-treated GPRC6A KO mice compared to WT animals. However, WT and KO age groups did not differ in long bone mass and structure assessed by micro-computed tomography. We conclude that GPRC6A is not involved in glucose metabolism under normal physiological conditions, nor does it mediate glucocorticoid-induced dysmetabolism in mice. Moreover, GPRC6A does not appear to possess a direct, non-compensable role in long bone microarchitecture under standard conditions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Body Composition / genetics
  • Cancellous Bone / metabolism
  • Cortical Bone / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics
  • Genetic Loci / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Homeostasis / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Osteocalcin / blood
  • Osteocalcin / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / deficiency*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics*
  • Tibia / metabolism*


  • Blood Glucose
  • GPRC6A protein, mouse
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Osteocalcin