DGCR5 promotes cancer stem cell-like properties of radioresistant laryngeal carcinoma cells by sponging miR-506 via Wnt pathway

J Cell Physiol. 2019 Aug;234(10):18423-18431. doi: 10.1002/jcp.28478. Epub 2019 Apr 13.


Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been recognized as the significant cause of tumor recurrence. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in various cancers, including human laryngeal cancer. So far the correlation between lncRNA DiGeorge syndrome critical region gene 5 (DGCR5) and CSC-like properties in human laryngeal cancer remains barely known. In our current study, two human larynx squamous carcinoma cell lines (Hep-2 and Hep-2R) with different radio sensitivities were cultured. Interestingly, CSC-like phenotypes were much more enriched in Hep-2R cells. We found that DGCR5 was upregulated and microRNA-506 (miR-506) was downregulated in Hep-2R cells. In addition, silence of DGCR5 could inhibit the stemness and enhance the radiosensitivity of Hep-2R cells. Meanwhile, overexpression of miR-506 also suppressed the CSC-like traits and the radiosensitivity was increased significantly. In addition, miR-506 was predicted as target of DGCR5 and the correlation between them was validated in our study. Finally, we observed that Wnt pathway exerted a significant role in human laryngeal CSCs and DGCR5 inhibition could repress Wnt signaling activity by sponging miR-506. In vivo assays were performed and we found that DCGR5 depressed stemness of human laryngeal cancer cells through modulating miR-506 and Wnt signaling pathway. Taken these together, we reported that DGCR5 induced CSC-like properties by sponging miR-506 through activating Wnt in human laryngeal carcinoma cells.

Keywords: CSCs; DGCR5; Wnt; human laryngeal carcinoma; miR-506.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Gene Silencing
  • Humans
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Laryngeal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism*
  • Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / genetics
  • Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Neoplastic Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Neoplastic Stem Cells / pathology
  • Phenotype
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / genetics
  • RNA, Long Noncoding / metabolism*
  • Radiation Tolerance / genetics*
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway* / genetics


  • MIRN506 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • long noncoding RNA DGCR5, human