Background: Intradural spinal tumors are surgically challenging lesions, and intraoperative spinal navigation offers clear potential assistance. While intraoperative computed tomography (iCT) of bony anatomy is routinely performed, coregistration with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to facilitate intradural spinal tumor resection is not widely described. We present 2 cases in which iCT was coregistered with MRI and DTI for navigational guidance in the resection of intradural spinal tumors to assess technical feasibility and surgical efficacy. Case Series: Navigation using coregistered iCT/MRI was used in the resection of one extramedullary and one intramedullary cervicomedullary tumor. The iCT was obtained following open midline exposure of bony anatomy. The images were then coregistered with preoperative MRI sequences to allow for optical tracking navigation via an optical tracking station (Brainlab). For the intramedullary tumor, preoperative DTI sequences were also coregistered for enhanced identification of relevant anatomy. Navigational accuracy for all cases was confirmed to be acceptable at the level of the posterior bony elements, the dura, and the tumor-parenchyma interface. Conclusion: The coregistration of preoperative MRI sequences and iCT images allowed for meaningfully enhanced navigation during resection. In the case involving the intramedullary cervicomedullary tumor with marked distortion of longitudinal tracts, iCT/DTI navigation allowed for accurate visualization of critical structures and facilitated delineation of tumor margins that otherwise would have been difficult. The use of combined iCT and preoperative MRI/DTI neuronavigational guidance is an effective approach in the resection of intradural extramedullary and intramedullary spinal cord tumors.
Keywords: Intradural-extramedullary spinal cord neoplasms; neuronavigation; neurosurgical procedures; primary intramedullary spinal cord neoplasms; spinal cord neoplasms.