Exploratory Study of the Effect of IMA950/Poly-ICLC Vaccination on Response to Bevacizumab in Relapsing High-Grade Glioma Patients

Cancers (Basel). 2019 Apr 2;11(4):464. doi: 10.3390/cancers11040464.


Immunotherapy, including therapeutic vaccines, is increasingly being developed for patients with high-grade glioma, and combinations of immunotherapies and synergy with standard of care are being investigated. In this regard, bevacizumab (BEV) has been shown to synergize with immunotherapy in preclinical studies of glioma and in other tumour entities. Here, we conducted a post-hoc exploratory study to evaluate the effect of the IMA950/poly-ICLC peptide vaccine on subsequent BEV administration in high-grade glioma patients. 16 IMA950-vaccinated and 40 non-vaccinated patients were included. At initial diagnosis, patients benefited from surgery and chemoradiation. At first or subsequent recurrence, patients received 10mg/kg of BEV every 2-3 weeks. Primary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) from BEV initiation. IMA950-vaccinated patients did not show improved response to BEV as compared to non-vaccinated patients: there was no difference in median PFS (2.6 vs. 4.2 months for vaccinated and control patients, respectively, p = 0.50) nor in median OS (7.8 vs. 10.0 months for vaccinated and control patients, respectively, p = 0.69). In conclusion, potential synergy of BEV and therapeutic vaccines, when administered sequentially, has yet to be established in the clinical setting of GBM recurrence. Potential synergy of concomitant administration should be tested in future trials.

Keywords: IMA950; bevacizumab; glioma; immunotherapy; peptide vaccine.