Nutrient, fibre, sorbitol and chlorogenic acid content of prunes ( Prunus domestica): an updated analysis and comparison of different countries of origin and database values

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2019 Dec;70(8):924-931. doi: 10.1080/09637486.2019.1600664. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

Abstract

Current prune composition data are outdated and require a comprehensive and comparative re-analysis. This novel study aimed to: (i) analyse and compare prune composition from major countries of origin; and (ii) provide a comprehensive compositional analysis of prunes of USA origin and compare this with UK and USA database data. Prune samples were analysed for major nutrients and bioactive compounds and compared between countries of origin. Total fibre was higher in prunes from the USA (12.0 g/100 g) and Chile (11.5 g/100 g) compared with France (8.4 g/100 g) and Argentina (8.9 g/100 g), while prunes from all countries contained high levels of sorbitol (11.2-15.5 g/100 g). Differences in energy and starch values compared with national databases reflected different approaches to sampling and analysis. In conclusion, prunes contain high levels of fibre and other bioactive compounds. Variations between country of origin and database values highlight the importance of transparency in documenting sampling and analysis methods.

Keywords: Dried fruit; dried plums; fibre; gastrointestinal health; polyphenols; prunes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Argentina
  • Chile
  • Chlorogenic Acid / analysis*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Dietary Fats / analysis
  • Dietary Fiber / analysis*
  • Dietary Proteins / analysis
  • France
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Micronutrients / analysis*
  • Nutrients / analysis*
  • Polyphenols / analysis
  • Prunus domestica / chemistry*
  • Prunus domestica / classification
  • Sorbitol / analysis*
  • United States

Substances

  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Micronutrients
  • Polyphenols
  • Chlorogenic Acid
  • Sorbitol