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, 12 (1), 230

Monomorium Ant Is a Carrier for Pathogenic and Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria

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Monomorium Ant Is a Carrier for Pathogenic and Potentially Pathogenic Bacteria

Jenan S Alharbi et al. BMC Res Notes.

Abstract

Objectives: Household ants are regarded as a major household pest and their close association with microorganisms and people means that they may constitute a disease risk. Our study is the first to provide information on the pathogenicity of Monomorium spp. a common insect in Kuwait by quantifying and identifying the exoskeleton bacterial burden. Samples of Monomorium were collected in June from indoor and outdoor sites of 30 houses located in two residential districts.

Results: The study identified a total of 16 different species of Gram-negative bacteria of which the indoor isolates were 75% greater in species count than the outdoor samples. Indoor isolates identified from both districts were more frequent than the outdoors and similar trends were obtained for a single district. Outdoor ant samples on the other hand carried a high percentage of bacteria but with less diversity in both districts. There was a significant variability in bacterial species in relation to sample sources, indoor and outdoor, and discrete geographical location. The presence of a high percentage of pathogenic and potentially pathogenic bacteria indoor poses a great threat to domestic households, which would be further exacerbated in places with poor standards of hygiene.

Keywords: Ant pathogenicity; Bacterial types; House hygiene; Infection by Salmonella; Pathogen carrier; Risk on health.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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