The proteasome is one of the main catalytic machineries of eukaryotic cells responsible for protein degradation, and is known to be regulated during several cellular stress conditions. Recent studies suggest that the activity of the proteasome is modulated following mTOR inhibition. However, it is not clear how this process affects the proteome. In the present study, we investigated the role of the proteasome in the modulation of the proteome of HeLa cells following amino acid starvation, a stress known to inhibit mTOR activity. We used label-free quantitative proteomics to identify proteins regulated by the proteasome in starved cells. We found that nearly 50% of the proteins the level of which decreased significantly during starvation stress, could be rescued by addition of the proteasome inhibitor MG132. This suggests a key role for the proteasome in reshaping the proteome under starvation. Importantly, the expression of several of these proteins is known to be dependent on the transcription factor E2F1. Further investigation of E2F1 level showed that this transcription factor along with several other proteins involved in its pathway are regulated by the proteasome upon amino acids starvation.
Keywords: Amino acid starvation; E2F1; Proteasome; Proteomics.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.