Interaction between phytotherapy and oral anticancer agents: prospective study and literature review

Med Oncol. 2019 Apr 16;36(5):45. doi: 10.1007/s12032-019-1267-z.

Abstract

Cancer is becoming more prevalent in elderly patient. Due to polypharmacy, older adults with cancer are predisposed to drug-drug interactions. There is also an increasing interest in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Thirty to seventy percent of patients with cancer have used CAM. Through pharmaceutical counseling sessions, we can provide advices on herb-drug interactions (HDI). All the patients seen in pharmaceutical counseling sessions were prospectively included. Information was collected during these sessions: prescribed medication (oral anticancer agents (OAA) and other drugs), CAM (phytotherapy especially), and use of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. If pharmacist considered an interaction or an intervention clinically relevant, the oncologist was notified. Then, a literature review was realized to identify the potential HDI (no interactions, precautions for use, contraindication). Among 201 pharmacist counseling sessions, it resulted in 104 interventions related to 46 HDI, 28 drug-drug interactions and 30 others (wrong dosage, omission…). To determine HDI, we review 73 medicinal plants which are used by our patients with cancer and 31 OAA. A total of 1829 recommendations were formulated about 59 (75%) medical plants and their interaction with an OAA. Herb-drug interactions should not be ignored by healthcare providers in their management of cancer patients in daily practice.

Keywords: Herb–drug interactions; Oncology; Oral anticancer agents; Phytotherapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Herb-Drug Interactions*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Nonprescription Drugs / administration & dosage
  • Nonprescription Drugs / adverse effects
  • Pharmacists
  • Phytotherapy / adverse effects*
  • Plant Preparations / administration & dosage
  • Plant Preparations / adverse effects
  • Polypharmacy*
  • Prospective Studies

Substances

  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Nonprescription Drugs
  • Plant Preparations