Differentiating Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) Into Lung Epithelial Cells

Curr Protoc Stem Cell Biol. 2019 Jun;49(1):e86. doi: 10.1002/cpsc.86. Epub 2019 Apr 18.


Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) not only offer great opportunities for the study of human development but also have tremendous potential for future clinical cell-based therapies. The protocol outlined here is used to differentiate hiPSCs into lung epithelial cell types through a process that faithfully recapitulates the stepwise events observed in vivo. From pluripotency, cells are differentiated to a definitive endoderm fate, followed by progression into anteriorized foregut endoderm that has the ability to give rise to both proximal and distal epithelial cells. Furthermore, this methodology allows for the study of lung dysfunction and disease modeling using patient-derived cells, as well as high-throughput pharmacological screening and eventually personalized therapies. Recently we were able to reproduce this protocol using the working cell bank of an hiPSC line made under current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) conditions, a necessary step for the future clinical application of these cells. © 2019 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Keywords: differentiation; endoderm; induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC); lung epithelial cells; regenerative medicine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Cellular Reprogramming / physiology*
  • Endoderm / cytology*
  • Epithelial Cells / cytology*
  • Humans
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Lung / cytology*