MicroRNA-155: A Master Regulator of Inflammation

J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2019 Jun;39(6):321-330. doi: 10.1089/jir.2018.0155. Epub 2019 Mar 20.


MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are naturally occurring, highly conserved families of transcripts (∼22 nucleotides in length) that are processed from larger hairpin precursors. miRNAs primarily regulate gene expression by promoting messenger RNA (mRNA) degradation or repressing mRNA translation. miRNAs have been shown to be important regulators of a variety of cellular processes involving development, differentiation, and signaling. Moreover, various human diseases, including cancer and immune dysfunction, are associated with aberrant expression of miRNAs. This review will focus on how the multifunctional miRNA, miR-155, regulates inflammatory diseases, including cancer and pulmonary disorders, and also how miR-155 expression and biogenesis are regulated. We will also provide examples of miR-155-regulated networks in coordination with other noncoding RNAs, including long noncoding RNAs as well as coding mRNAs acting as competing endogenous RNAs.

Keywords: inflammation; miR-155; microRNA; noncoding RNAs; regulation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Inflammation / metabolism*
  • Lung Diseases / metabolism*
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism*
  • Neoplasms / metabolism*


  • MIRN155 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs