Follow-up outcomes of benign vascular lesions of breast diagnosed on core needle biopsy: A study of 117 cases

Breast J. 2019 May;25(3):401-407. doi: 10.1111/tbj.13233. Epub 2019 Apr 18.


Benign vascular lesions of breast are uncommon findings on core biopsy and surgical excision has been recommended to rule out a more serious lesion. However, a recent study suggested that excision may be spared for vascular lesion without atypia. The aim of this study was to assess the follow-up outcomes in lesions yielding benign vascular lesions on core biopsy. We retrospectively reviewed 117 patients with diagnosis of hemangioma (106 patients) and atypical hemangioma (11 patients) on core biopsy at our institution over an 18-year period. Majority of benign vascular lesions were followed-up clinically and/or radiologically. Surgical excision was performed on 18 patients (16.9%) with benign hemangiomas and all 11 patients (100%) with atypical hemangiomas. Upon excision, the majority of patients (82.8%, 24/29) retained benign final pathology and five patients (17.2%) were atypical hemangioma. There was no upgrade on excision. All patients had a benign course regardless whether the lesions were excised or not. Our findings support the recent study that benign vascular lesion of breast may not require surgical excision.

Keywords: benign vascular lesion; breast; core biopsy; hemangioma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biopsy, Large-Core Needle*
  • Breast Neoplasms / blood supply
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / surgery
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male / blood supply
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male / diagnostic imaging
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hemangioma / diagnostic imaging
  • Hemangioma / pathology*
  • Hemangioma / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies