The mind in psychotherapy: An interpersonal neurobiology framework for understanding and cultivating mental health

Psychol Psychother. 2019 Jun;92(2):224-237. doi: 10.1111/papt.12228.


In this brief overview, I offer a conceptual approach to the mind that can support whatever clinical, research, public policy, or other approach you may be involved with. It seeks to help both the understanding and cultivating of mental health and well-being in our world, and may be especially important in encouraging future psychotherapists to be systems-oriented and multidisciplinary in their work. As the ideas of this framework have been published in a number of texts, I will simply have a brief listing of those and other selected publications at the end of this article and outline the main ideas and factual points as we move along. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Consilience across wide range of disciplines leads to an integrated framework defining the mind, mental health, and the strategies of intervention to cultivate well-being.

Keywords: awareness; consilience; differentiation; integration; interpersonal neurobiology; mindfulness.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Interdisciplinary Communication
  • Mental Health
  • Mind-Body Relations, Metaphysical*
  • Neurobiology
  • Psychotherapy*