Objective: To develop a shortened, valid and reliable scale applicable across multiple settings for routine monitoring of person-centered maternity care (PCMC).
Methods: Exploratory analysis was used to generate parsimonious versions of a 30-item PCMC scale in four datasets from cross-sectional surveys conducted between August 2016 and October 2017, involving women aged 15-49 years in Kenya, Ghana and India who had recently given birth. Analysis was informed by expert opinion via a separate online survey of global maternal and child health experts. Items retained in each dataset were compared, and those unique to a single setting removed. The remaining items were pooled and assessed for construct and criterion validity and reliability in each setting.
Results: Thirteen items were retained for a potential multi-setting short PCMC scale, incorporating the domains of dignity and respect, communication and autonomy, and supportive care. Cronbach's alpha for the scale was >0.7 in each setting. Scores on the 13-item scale were correlated with the 30-item scale scores, and with global measures of care satisfaction in Kenya and India.
Conclusion: Analysis yielded a 47% shorter PCMC scale, that showed promise for routine assessment of women's experience of care during childbirth across multiple settings. However, further validation is needed.
Keywords: Ghana; India; Kenya; Maternity care; Measurement; Person-centered care; Respectful maternity care; Validation.
© 2019 The Authors. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics.