Design and Implementation of a Structured Programme for Validation of Birth Weights in a District of Southern India: A Case Study

World Health Popul. 2018 Jan;17(4):37-44. doi: 10.12927/whp.2018.25728.


In India, though the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is estimated to be nearly 30%, routine reporting by the government consistently under-reports it as 12%, with resulting mismatched rectification efforts. We designed a programme comprising weight measurement standardization training, a pilot study-based sample size calculation, re-training and certification of personnel and finally a validation exercise. Paired birth weight readings of 404 newborns by a staff nurse and a research nurse were compared. LBW (<2,500 g) prevalence was 18% and 36% according to staff nurse and research nurse, respectively. Thus, it is feasible to set up simple validation exercises.

MeSH terms

  • Birth Weight*
  • Data Accuracy*
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Inservice Training / organization & administration*