Left Ventricular Noncompaction: Diagnostic Approach, Prognostic Evaluation, and Management Strategies

Cardiol Rev. 2020 May/Jun;28(3):125-134. doi: 10.1097/CRD.0000000000000251.


Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy is a heart disease with relevant potential complications including heart failure, life-threatening arrhythmias, and embolic events. In order to prevent adverse outcomes, it is crucial to appropriately recognize and manage this cardiomyopathy. In this paper, we report the main clinical presentations and imaging modalities used for diagnosis, including echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging. We highlight the role of a comprehensive functional cardiac evaluation and the possible prognostic implications of both systolic and diastolic dysfunction. Furthermore, we summarize clinical factors and imaging findings which have prognostic significance. Finally, we discuss the main management strategies based on phenotypic expressions which are aimed at treating symptoms and preventing complications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Imaging Techniques
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Disease Management
  • Humans
  • Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium / diagnostic imaging*
  • Isolated Noncompaction of the Ventricular Myocardium / etiology
  • Prognosis