Perspective and Guidelines for Metaproteomics in Microbiome Studies

J Proteome Res. 2019 Jun 7;18(6):2370-2380. doi: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.9b00054. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

Abstract

The microbiome is emerging as a prominent factor affecting human health, and its dysbiosis is associated with various diseases. Compositional profiling of microbiome is increasingly being supplemented with functional characterization. Metaproteomics is intrinsically focused on functional changes and therefore will be an important tool in those studies of the human microbiome. In the past decade, development of new experimental and bioinformatic approaches for metaproteomics has enabled large-scale human metaproteomic studies. However, challenges still exist, and there remains a lack of standardizations and guidelines for properly performing metaproteomic studies on human microbiome. Herein, we provide a perspective of recent developments, the challenges faced, and the future directions of metaproteomics and its applications. In addition, we propose a set of guidelines/recommendations for performing and reporting the results from metaproteomic experiments for the study of human microbiomes. We anticipate that these guidelines will be optimized further as more metaproteomic questions are raised and addressed, and metaproteomic applications are published, so that they are eventually recognized and applied in the field.

Keywords: bioinformatics; guidelines; metaproteomics; microbiome; multiomics; post-translational modification; standards; workflow.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Computational Biology / methods
  • Dysbiosis / genetics
  • Dysbiosis / microbiology
  • Gastrointestinal Microbiome / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Metagenome / genetics*
  • Metagenomics / methods*
  • Proteomics / methods*