Platelet-rich plasma and its utility in medical dermatology: A systematic review

J Am Acad Dermatol. 2019 Sep;81(3):834-846. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2019.04.037. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

Abstract

The field of dermatology has seen numerous therapeutic innovations in the past decade with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), recently garnering significant interest in alopecia, acne scarring, and skin rejuvenation. In other conditions of dermatology, such as chronic wounds and vitiligo, PRP has been investigated but has received less attention. The objective of this literature review was to focus on conditions of medical dermatology and to consolidate the available evidence on PRP for the practicing dermatologist. This review evaluates the literature up to October 31, 2018, and a search was conducted in the PubMed database for "platelet-rich plasma," "platelet releasate," "platelet gel," "platelet-rich fibrin" or "PRP" and "dermatology," "skin," "cutaneous," "wound," or "ulcer." In total, 14 articles met the inclusion criteria for this review. In studies representing Levels of Evidence 1b-4 according to the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Oxford, PRP significantly improved wound healing in chronic diabetic ulcers, venous ulcers, pressure ulcers, leprosy ulcers, acute traumatic wounds, and ulcers of multifactorial etiologies. Two studies also documented benefits of adjunctive PRP in stable vitiligo. In chronic wounds of multiple etiologies and vitiligo, PRP warrants further investigation because it represents a potential therapeutic adjunct or alternative with a favorable side effect profile.

Keywords: dermatology; platelet-rich plasma; ulcers; vitiligo; wounds.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Alopecia / therapy*
  • Cicatrix / therapy*
  • Dermatology / methods*
  • Humans
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma*
  • Rejuvenation
  • Skin Ulcer / therapy*
  • Wound Healing