Effects of Bucket Type and Angle on Downstream Nappe Wind Caused by a Turbulent Jet

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Apr 16;16(8):1360. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16081360.


The downstream nappe wind caused by flood discharge has a great influence on the rainfall distribution, the operational safety of dams, and their surrounding ecological environments. A physical experiment was conducted to measure the spatial distribution of the downstream nappe wind and the splash for a continuous bucket (CB) and a tongue-shaped bucket (TB) for five bucket angles (40°, 45°, 50°, 55°, and 60°). The experimental results demonstrate that the trajectory width and height of the nappe increase as the angles increase, but the effect on the length is converse. The wind velocity and splash weight of the two buckets decrease along the flowing direction. In the lateral direction, the wind velocity and splash weight for the CB decrease as y increases, but the wind velocity of the TB trends to humplike; its splash weight decreases near the axis of the bucket, and is stable in the other region. In the vertical direction, the velocity for the CB increases and then decreases as z increases, but that for the TB decreases monotonously. The velocity of the wind and weight of the splash for the CB decreases with the increasing angles, but those of the TB peak at 45°. The findings are useful for the more accurate prediction of rainfall.

Keywords: drag force; flip bucket; nappe wind; splash; two-phase flow.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Floods*
  • Water Resources*
  • Water Supply
  • Wind*