Artificial intelligence in healthcare

Nat Biomed Eng. 2018 Oct;2(10):719-731. doi: 10.1038/s41551-018-0305-z. Epub 2018 Oct 10.


Artificial intelligence (AI) is gradually changing medical practice. With recent progress in digitized data acquisition, machine learning and computing infrastructure, AI applications are expanding into areas that were previously thought to be only the province of human experts. In this Review Article, we outline recent breakthroughs in AI technologies and their biomedical applications, identify the challenges for further progress in medical AI systems, and summarize the economic, legal and social implications of AI in healthcare.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence* / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Delivery of Health Care*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Neural Networks, Computer
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures
  • Wearable Electronic Devices


  • Biomarkers