A review of deep infiltrative colorectal endometriosis treated robotically at a single institution

Int J Med Robot. 2019 Aug;15(4):e2001. doi: 10.1002/rcs.2001. Epub 2019 May 29.

Abstract

Purpose/background: Using robotic surgery, we report successful resection of deep invasive pelvic endometriosis with a multidisciplinary team of colorectal and gynecologic surgeons.

Methods/interventions: Fifteen cases of robotic-assisted endometrial resections for deep invasive endometriosis were performed by a multidisciplinary team between 2013 and 2016.

Results/outcomes: The average total operative time of robotic endometrial extirpation was 342 minutes, and the average blood loss was 283 cc. There were no intraoperative complications and no conversion to laparotomy. Postoperative complications, including one superficial wound infection, four patients with pelvic abscesses, a bowel leak, and one rectovaginal fistula, occurred in five of 15 patients, three of which required percutaneous drainage and one required reoperation. All patients who followed up after surgery showed 100% dysmenorrhea resolution at one month (13 of 15 patients).

Conclusion/discussion: Deep infiltrating endometriosis is a complex disease associated with significant morbidity and requires highly trained, multidisciplinary team approach for safe and efficient excision.

Keywords: endometriosis; pelvic; robotic.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Colon / surgery*
  • Drainage
  • Endometriosis / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interdisciplinary Communication
  • Laparoscopy
  • Laparotomy
  • Patient Care Team
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Rectovaginal Fistula / surgery
  • Rectum / surgery*
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome