Mapping Europe Into Local Climate Zones

PLoS One. 2019 Apr 24;14(4):e0214474. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214474. eCollection 2019.


Cities are major drivers of environmental change at all scales and are especially at risk from the ensuing effects, which include poor air quality, flooding and heat waves. Typically, these issues are studied on a city-by-city basis owing to the spatial complexity of built landscapes, local topography and emission patterns. However, to ensure knowledge sharing and to integrate local-scale processes with regional and global scale modelling initiatives, there is a pressing need for a world-wide database on cities that is suited for environmental studies. In this paper we present a European database that has a particular focus on characterising urbanised landscapes. It has been derived using tools and techniques developed as part of the World Urban Database and Access Portal Tools (WUDAPT) project, which has the goal of acquiring and disseminating climate-relevant information on cities worldwide. The European map is the first major step toward creating a global database on cities that can be integrated with existing topographic and natural land-cover databases to support modelling initiatives.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants / analysis*
  • Air Pollution
  • Cities
  • Climate Change*
  • Climate*
  • Environment*
  • Europe
  • Geography
  • Quality Control
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surface Properties
  • Urban Health


  • Air Pollutants

Grant support

B.B.’s work was supported through the Cluster of Excellence CliSAP (EXC 177), University of Hamburg, funded through the German Science Foundation (DFG). A.M. was supported by Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, grant “Microclimate Data Collection, Analysis, and Visualization.” A.M. was also supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Award Number 1635490 “A Simulation Platform to Enhance Infrastructure and Community Resilience to Extreme Heat Events.” The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.