Transfer RNAs are the largest, most complex non-coding RNA family, universal to all living organisms. tRNAscan-SE has been the de facto tool for predicting tRNA genes in whole genomes. The newly developed version 2.0 has incorporated advanced methodologies with improved probabilistic search software and a suite of new gene models, enabling better functional classification of predicted genes. This chapter describes the use of the UNIX command-driven and online web versions, illustrating different search modes and options.
Keywords: Covariance model; Gene prediction; Non-coding RNA; RNA secondary structure; Transfer RNA.