Myricetin is a natural dietary flavonoid compound with multiple activities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-carcinogenic and anti-proliferative effects. However, myricetin exhibited substantial limitations, such as poor water-solubility, and low stability in body when it was administrated by oral. To solve these problems, we designed and synthesized a series of derivatives based on the structure of myricetin. M10 was produced by adding a hydrophilic glycosylation group and then forming a sodium salt derivative, which exhibited excellent water-solubility (>100 mg/mL), and better stability in Wistar rat plasma and liver microsomes. In vivo study, M10 exhibited higher efficacy than myricetin and mesalazine in a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induced mice model with ulcerative colitis. In addition, M10 also exhibited high safety (LD50 > 5 g/kg) in mice. Based on these results, M10 could be developed as a potential therapeutic agent for treatment of ulcerative colitis.
Keywords: Dextran sodium sulfate; Glycosylation; Inflammatory bowel disease; Myricetin; Ulcerative colitis.
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