A Comparison of National Pediatric Procedures Training Guidelines With Actual Clinical Practice in Ohio

J Grad Med Educ. 2019 Apr;11(2):159-167. doi: 10.4300/JGME-D-18-00746.1.


Background: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and Pediatrics Review Committee (RC) recommends the clinical procedures residents should master during their training. These guidelines may be partially based on consensus opinion or tradition rather than actual need. The literature defining which procedures general pediatricians actually perform in practice is limited.

Objective: Our objective was to determine how often general pediatricians perform procedures recommended by accreditation bodies, how well prepared they feel to perform them, and how important the procedures are to their practice.

Methods: We categorized recommended procedures as emergent, urgent, or office-based, then developed and administered a survey in 2017 based on these classes. We randomly sampled and polled 439 general pediatricians from urban, suburban, or rural regions across central Ohio. Responses were compared using the Welch ANOVA, Mann Whitney U, and post-hoc tests.

Results: The response rate was 60% (265 of 439). Pediatricians almost never performed 11 of 13 recommended procedures, yet felt well prepared to perform them all and believed that all were important. Rural pediatricians performed significantly more emergent and office-based procedures and rated them as more important. Commonly performed non-ACGME/RC procedures were circumcision, wart removal, cerumen removal, umbilical cauterization, and suture removal.

Conclusions: Findings suggest that pediatricians rarely perform most of the recommended procedures, but think they are important. There are several office-based non-ACGME recommended procedures that pediatricians commonly perform. Regional differences suggest the need for customized training based on future practice plans.

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence / standards*
  • Clinical Competence / statistics & numerical data
  • Education, Medical, Graduate / standards*
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency / standards
  • Male
  • Ohio
  • Pediatricians / statistics & numerical data
  • Pediatrics / methods*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires