This study describes the analytical performance of the QuantideX qPCR BCR-ABL IS Kit, the first Food and Drug Administration-cleared assay designed to monitor breakpoint cluster region-Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 1 (BCR-ABL1) fusion transcripts isolated from peripheral blood specimens from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. This multiplex real-time quantitative RT-PCR assay amplifies both e13a2 and e14a2 Major BCR-ABL1 transcripts and the reference target ABL1. The test results are provided in international scale (IS) values by incorporating armored RNA-based calibrators that have defined IS values tied directly to the World Health Organization BCR-ABL1 Primary Reference Materials, without the necessity of determining and maintaining conversion factors. For each batch run, the integrated interpretive software evaluates run and specimen quality control metrics (including a sufficient amount of ABL1 control transcripts to ensure a minimal limit of detection) and calculates both molecular response (MR) and %IS values for each specimen. The test has a limit of detection of MR4.7 (0.002%IS) and a linear range from MR0.3 (50%IS) to MR4.7 (0.002%IS) for both Major transcripts. Single-site and multisite precision studies demonstrated a maximum SD of 0.13 MR (30% CV within the assay range between MR0.7 and MR3.7). The performance of this BCR-ABL1 monitoring test meets all of the clinical guideline recommendations for sensitivity and IS reporting for the management of chronic myeloid leukemia patients.
Copyright © 2019 American Society for Investigative Pathology and the Association for Molecular Pathology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.