Purpose: Youth and young adults require systematic planning, transfer and integration into adult healthcare. A national health care transition (HCT) learning network (LN) shared strategies during monthly calls to improve HCTs using Got Transition™'s Six Core Elements. Among LN participants, we conducted a pre-post mixed-methods evaluation of this evidence-informed process improvement framework.
Design and methods: Leaders from seven health systems in the LN recruited 55 participating practice sites (12 primary care, 43 specialty care, 47 pediatric care, and 8 adult care). Got Transition's Current Assessment (CA) of HCT Activities (possible score: 0-32) assessed implementation of HCT process improvements in all 55 sites at baseline (2015-2017) and again after 12-18 months. Pre-post results were compared overall and by type of practice (primary vs. specialty, pediatric vs. adult). In early 2018, health system leaders qualitatively described factors impacting HCT process implementation.
Results: Overall, baseline CA scores averaged 10.7, and increased to 17.9 after 12-18 months. Within each clinical setting, scores increased from: 10.8 to 16.5 among 12 primary care sites, 12.8 to 17.1 among 43 specialty sites, 12.4 to 17 among 47 pediatric sites, and 12 to 16.9 among 8 adult sites. All changes reached significance (p < 0.05). Qualitative feedback offered valuable feedback about motivators, facilitators and barriers to HCT process improvement.
Conclusions: Participating systems made substantial progress in implementing a structured HCT process consistent with clinical recommendations using the Six Core Elements.
Practice implications: The diverse perspectives of participating health systems provide a model for creating sustainable HCT process improvements.
Keywords: Adolescent and young adult; Collaborative care; Health care transition; Quality improvement.
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.