A 66-year-old woman presented with agrammatism and apraxia of speech, meeting criteria for non-fluent/agrammatic variant primary progressive aphasia (nfvPPA). However, three years later, she developed frontal/executive, short-term phonological memory, visuospatial, and visual memory deficits suggesting involvement of multiple brain networks. Multimodal neuroimaging showed damage of both fronto-striatal and posterior brain regions. She was found to have multiple pathological processes: corticobasal degeneration (CBD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), and TAR DNA-binding protein (TDP)-43 type A. We hypothesize that cognitive and neuroimaging findings consistent with damage to multiple brain networks, each associated with vulnerability to certain molecular disease subtypes, could indicate mixed pathology.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease neuropathology; Non-fluent agrammatic primary progressive aphasia; TDP-43 type A neuropathology; corticobasal degeneration; syntax network.