FPGA-Based Degradation and Reliability Monitor for Underground Cables

Sensors (Basel). 2019 Apr 28;19(9):1995. doi: 10.3390/s19091995.


The online RUL estimation of underground cables and their reliability analysis requires obtaining the cable failure time probability distribution. MC simulations of complex thermal heating and electro-thermal degradation models can be employed for this analysis, but uncertainties need to be considered in the simulations, to produce accurate RUL expectation values and confidence margins for the results. The process requires performing large simulation sets, based on past temperature or load measurements and future load predictions. FPGA permit accelerating simulations for live analysis, but the thermal models involved are complex to be directly implemented in hardware logic. A new standalone FPGA architecture has been proposed for the fast and on-site degradation and reliability analysis of underground cables, based on MC simulation, and the effect of load uncertainties on the predicted cable EOL has been analyzed from the results.

Keywords: Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA); cable insulation; monitoring; reliability estimation.