Background: Health disparities exist in HIV risk in the USA among the lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-queer (LGBTQ) community. There is also scarce literature on curricula for HIV prevention and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for trainees.
Aim: To create a curriculum to train residents to perform inclusive sexual history taking and HIV prevention care. The curriculum covers sexual history, LGBTQ health, sexually transmitted infections, and HIV risk assessment and risk reduction counseling including use of PrEP.
Setting: A dedicated PrEP Clinic was created within an Academic Medical Center Outpatient HIV Clinic. Patients were primarily LGBTQ identified, but also included HIV sero-discordant couples, cisgender individuals, heterosexual invididuals, and those with experience of homelessness, sex work, and substance abuse.
Participants: Thirty-four internal medicine residents completed the course between November 2017 and May 2018.
Program description: The curriculum was delivered as Just in Time Teaching (JiTT) via online virtual patient cases followed by directly observed clinical care at a large urban PrEP clinic.
Program evaluation and results: The effectiveness of the curriculum was assessed through paired pre/post-self-assessment surveys (n = 19), additional post-surveys on the online modules (n = 22), and interviews (n = 9). Many respondents reported no prior training or inadequate prior training in the course content. As a result of the course, participants reported statistically significant increased confidence and comfort in all seven HIV prevention topic areas, with the greatest gains in safe sex counseling for LGBTQ patients and in discussing PrEP (mean changes of 1.21, 1.58 on 5-point Likert scale, respectively, p < 0.0001). Six of nine interviewees post-course had applied what they learned to patient care; five indicated their learning would benefit patients.
Discussion: An HIV prevention curriculum focused on cultural humility in care can improve trainee's skills in HIV risk reduction counseling, including PrEP, among all patients including those identifying as LGBTQ.
Keywords: HIV; disparities; medical education curriculum development/evaluation; preventative care; underserved populations.