Mid-term radiological results of a cementless short humeral component in anatomical and reverse shoulder arthroplasty

Bone Joint J. 2019 May;101-B(5):610-614. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.101B5.BJJ-2018-1374.R1.


Aims: Shoulder arthroplasty using short humeral components is becoming increasingly popular. Some such components have been associated with relatively high rates of adverse radiological findings. The aim of this retrospective review was to evaluate the radiological humeral bone changes and mechanical failure rates with implantation of a short cementless humeral component in anatomical (TSA) and reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA).

Patients and methods: A total of 100 shoulder arthroplasties (35 TSA and 65 RSA) were evaluated at a mean of 3.8 years (3 to 8.3). The mean age at the time of surgery was 68 years (31 to 90). The mean body mass index was 32.7 kg/m2 (17.3 to 66.4).

Results: Greater tuberosity stress shielding was noted in 14 shoulders (two TSA and 12 RSA) and was graded as mild in nine, moderate in two, and severe in three. Medial calcar resorption was noted in 23 shoulders (seven TSA and 16 RSA), and was graded as mild in 21 and moderate in two. No humeral components were revised for loosening or considered to be loose radiologically. Nine shoulders underwent reoperation for infection (n = 3), fracture of the humeral tray (n = 2), aseptic glenoid loosening (n = 1), and instability (n = 3). No periprosthetic fractures occurred.

Conclusion: Implantation of this particular short cementless humeral component at the time of TSA or RSA was associated with a low rate of adverse radiological findings on the humeral side at mid-term follow-up. Our data do not raise any concerns regarding the use of a short stem in TSA or RSA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:610-614.

Keywords: Short stem; Shoulder arthroplasty; Stress shielding.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder / adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Humerus / diagnostic imaging
  • Humerus / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prosthesis Design / adverse effects
  • Prosthesis Failure / adverse effects*
  • Reoperation / statistics & numerical data
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Shoulder Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery
  • Shoulder Prosthesis / adverse effects*
  • Treatment Outcome