A Cross-Sectional Study of Prevalence of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Professional Cab Drivers in New Delhi

Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Jan-Apr;23(1):48-53. doi: 10.4103/ijoem.IJOEM_158_18.


Background: The profession of drivers is one of the occupational groups exposed to very poor working conditions. This study aimed to establish the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress among cab drivers.

Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 134 cab drivers. Their mental health status was assessed with the help of a screening tool - Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21). Their demographic details, working conditions, lifestyle factors and use of habit-forming substances were also assessed with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire.

Results: It was revealed that all cab drivers were male and between 20 to 64 years of age. Eighty two (62%) drivers said they are sometimes irritated at work, 29 (21.5%) said they feel irritated daily and rest 23 (17.2%) said that they were never irritated at work. When screened for depression, anxiety and stress, it was found out that 81 (60.5%) were suffering from depression, 63 (47%) from anxiety and 49 (36.5%) had variable degree of stress.

Conclusion: Cab drivers are at high risk of acquiring mental health diseases, yet the mental health of this large workforce is ignored.

Keywords: Cab drivers; DASS-21; mental health; occupational health; substance abuse.