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, 80 (3), 107-115

Relationship Between Periodontal Status of Mandibular Incisors and Selected Cephalometric Parameters : Preliminary Results

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Relationship Between Periodontal Status of Mandibular Incisors and Selected Cephalometric Parameters : Preliminary Results

Edyta Kalina et al. J Orofac Orthop.

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the correlation between the periodontal tissue of mandibular incisors and several dentoalveolar and skeletal cephalometric parameters.

Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 35 patients (mean age 26.42 ± 8.02 years). Eligibility criteria included good overall health status with no history of dental trauma, congenital defects, active periodontal diseases, restorative and prosthetic treatment in the area of the mandibular incisors. Gingival recession width and height (GRW, GRH), gingival thickness (GT), width of keratinized gingiva (WKT) and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were evaluated at 140 lower incisors. Incisors inclination (1-:ML), skeletal class (ANB, WITS), intermaxillary angle (NL:ML) and mandibular symphysis dimensions (symph. length and width) were assessed in cephalograms. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used for statistical analysis at the P < 0.05 level.

Results: A statistically significant positive moderate correlation was found for GT and WITS and also symph. length. WKT correlated positively with ANB, WITS and symph. length, with moderate strength of the correlation. GRW, GRH and CAL did not correlate with any cephalometric parameters.

Conclusion: The results of this study indicated evidence for an association between WKT and GT and some cephalometric variables-ANB, WITS, and symphysis length.

Keywords: Cephalometry; Gingival phenotype; Mandibular incisors; Periodontal phenotype; Skeletal morphology.

Conflict of interest statement

E. Kalina, B. Górski, E. Sobieska and M. Zadurska declare that they have no competing interests.

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