Population Pharmacokinetic Modeling and Probability of Target Attainment Analyses in Asian Patients With Community-Acquired Pneumonia Treated With Ceftaroline Fosamil

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev. 2019 Jul;8(5):682-694. doi: 10.1002/cpdd.673. Epub 2019 May 1.


Efficacy of ceftaroline fosamil, the prodrug of the active metabolite ceftaroline, was demonstrated in a phase 3 study of hospitalized Asian patients with Pneumonia Outcomes Research Team (PORT) risk class III-IV community-acquired pneumonia (NCT01371838). The objectives of the current analysis were to expand an existing ceftaroline and ceftaroline fosamil population pharmacokinetic (PK) model with data from this phase 3 study and a phase 1 study (NCT01458743) assessing ceftaroline PK in healthy Chinese volunteers and to evaluate the probability of PK/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) target attainment (PTA) in Asian patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) treated with ceftaroline fosamil. The ceftaroline plasma concentration-time course was simulated for 5000 Asian patients with CAP for different renal function subgroups using the final model. PTA was calculated for Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and non-extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. PTA was also evaluated for ceftaroline MIC90 values of isolates collected from Asia-Pacific surveillance studies (2012-2014) and for EUCAST and FDA/CLSI ceftaroline susceptibility break points. The final model reasonably described the ceftaroline PK. Race was not found to be a significant covariate impacting ceftaroline PK, suggesting similar ceftaroline PK in Asian and Western populations when corrected for body weight. High PTAs (90%-100%) were predicted for Asian patients with CAP treated with ceftaroline fosamil, covering MIC90 values of target CAP pathogens from the region. Similarly, >90% PTAs were predicted at EUCAST and FDA/CLSI clinical break points for these pathogens. These results support the use of the ceftaroline fosamil dosing regimens approved in Europe and the United States in Asian patients with PORT III-IV CAP.

Keywords: PK/PD; ceftaroline fosamil; community-acquired pneumonia; population pharmacokinetics; probability of target attainment.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / blood
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Cephalosporins / blood
  • Cephalosporins / pharmacokinetics*
  • Child
  • Community-Acquired Infections / blood
  • Community-Acquired Infections / metabolism*
  • Enterobacteriaceae Infections / blood
  • Enterobacteriaceae Infections / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological*
  • Pneumococcal Infections / blood
  • Pneumococcal Infections / metabolism*
  • Pneumonia, Staphylococcal / blood
  • Pneumonia, Staphylococcal / metabolism*
  • Young Adult


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Cephalosporins
  • ceftaroline fosamil

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01371838
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01458743